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国务院政策例行吹风会:2016年人大代表建议和政协委员提案办理情况

发布时间: 2017-02-07 10:00:00  |  来源: 中国网  |  责任编辑: 张钰
 

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Peopleattendthe"ILoveEurope"marchwhichwascalledtocelebratethe60thanniversaryoftheTreatyofRomeinWarsaw,Poland,onSaturday.[Photo/Agencies]Citingdata,someBelgianmediaoutletshavereportedthatChineseinvestorsinBelgiumhavecreatedupto18,500jobsforlocalresidents.AndonaverageoneChineseinvestorhascontributed€1million($1.08million)inrevenue,reflectingthehighproductivityandprofit-makingcapabilityofChineseinvestment.SomeCentralandEasternEuropeancountriesarefacinglaborshortagespartlybecauseofgrowingChineseinvestmentinmanufacturingandtheendofEuropeanUnion'seconomicstagnation.Inthepastfiveyears,Huawei,forexample,hascreatedupto12,000jobsintheEU.Lastweek,BelgiumandHungarybecamefull-timemembersoftheChina-ledAsianInfrastructureInvestmentBank,whichmeansone-thirdofthebank's70membersarefromEurope.AndthedevelopmentpathoftheAIIBsuggestscooperationamongmemberswilldeepentobringAsia,EuropeandAfricacloser.ButdespitetheEUmarkingits60thanniversary,itsleadersareinasombermood,asEuropeanCommissionPresidentJean-claudeJunckerputit,becauseoftheUnitedKingdombeginningtheformalprocesstoleavetheEUandtheuncertaintiescreatedbytheUnitedStatesadministrationunderPresidentDonaldTrump.AftertheEC'srecentdecisiontoassessChina'sinvestmentactivitiesintheEUmorestrictly,somemembersoftheEuropeanParliamenthavealsoproposedthatforeigninvestmentinEuropeshouldbecloselymonitoredin"strategicsectors"suchasenergy,waterandtelecommunications.ManyobserverssaythemoveistargetedatChina,whereEUbusinesses,accordingtoEuropeanpoliticians,don'thavethesameaccessthatChineseenterprisesdoinEurope.ThepoliticiansevenclaimthatEUinvestmentinChinaisfalling.Thefactis,Europeaninvestors,alongwithotherforeigninvestors,arenowbeingtreatedonparwithdomesticinvestorsinChinaafterhavingenjoyedpreferentialtreatmentforthreedecadessincethebeginningofreformandopening-up.AndsincetheEU'saccumulatedinvestmentinChinaisalreadyhuge,itisnaturalforittomaintainthatlevelorevenfallslightly.Asfarasexpandingbusinessandinvestmentoverseasisconcerned,EuropeisanoldhandwhileChinaisanewcomerifonegoesbythetwosides'tradinghistory.Giventhefacts,perhapsthisistherighttimeforChinaandtheEUtodiscusstradedifferencesandmakepolicydecisions.TheunderstandinginBrusselsnowisthatBeijingispromotingglobalizationandtheworldneedstosupportit.Aspartofitscommitmenttoglobalization,Chinahasbeenencouragingoverseasinvestmentandofferingpublicgoods.However,despiteitshistoryofstrengtheningregionalintegration,theEU,manysuspect,isshowingsignsofresortingtoprotectionismostensiblytoprotectEuropeanenterprisesandproducts.It'sanothermatter,though,thatmanyEuropeanbusinessesandmemberstatesdon'tsupportit.AdvocatingglobalizationisnottheresponsibilityofChinaalone.TheEUandtheUSandotherglobalplayersshouldpromoteglobalizationmoreintenselythanChina.TheChina-EUpartnershipisunique,astheyworkmorecohesivelyduringhardtimes,butnotnecessarilyduringnormaltimes.AcarefulexaminationoftheinteractionsandexchangesbetweenBeijingandBrusselsduringtheglobalfinancialanddebtcriseswillprovethecontention.Howevertruethatmaybe,thepriorityfortheEUnowistotakeswift,decisiveandstrategicmeasurestoidentifynewareas-China'sgrowinginvestmentforexample-tohelptheBrussels-Beijingpartnershiptoovercometheodds.Moreimportantly,theEUshouldrealizethattakingahardlineagainstChineseproductsandinvestmentatthiscriticaltimewouldbeabigmistake.Thereasonissimple:morejobsandbetterlivelihoodswillmakemoreEuropeans,especiallythoseyouthsstrugglingtoearnadecentliving,havemoreconfidenceintheEUasaneconomicunion.TheauthorisdeputychiefofChinaDailyEuropeanBureau.fujing@chinadaily.com.cn同学们根据自己的情况选择合适的学校和专业。AchartillustratesthatChina'senterprisedebtisrising.[Photoprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn]Over-leveragingandover-capacityaretwomajorchallengesforChina’seconomyinthe"newnormal"withslowerbutsustainablegrowthrates,anewbiennialreportfromtheOrganizationforEconomicCo-operationandDevelopment(OECD)pointedout.Thereportcalled"EconomicSurveysChina"publisheseverytwoyearsinordertogiveassessmentandsuggestionstowardsChineseeconomy,theanalyzeandoutputofthissurveyhasbeendiscussedandreviewedbyEconomicandDevelopmentReviewCommittee,withparticipationofrepresentativesfromChinesegovernment."TheChineseeconomygrowthremainshighbyinternationalstandards,andisgraduallymoderatingasthepopulationagesandtheeconomyre-balancesfrominvestmenttoconsumption,fromexternaltointernaldemandandfrommanufacturingtoservices,"OECDdirectorofcountrystudiesAlvaroPereiratoldChinaDailywebsite.PereirastressedtheState-ownedenterprisesreformwouldbeavitalmoveamonggovernment’sagendaofde-leveraging.AccordingtoNationalBureauofStatistics’data,debtowedbynon-financialfirmsinChinareached170percentofGDPin2016-thehighestlevelamongleadingeconomies.SOE’sdebtmakesupover70percentoftotalcorporatedebt."OnethingIlikeaboutChinaisthatgovernmentalwayspaysattentiontothesignals,includingpotentialrisksandproblems,andisalwayscareful,intermsofdesigningthestructuralreforms.Signsoffinancialriskshasbeennoticedbycentralgovernment,andmeasurestotacklewithSOEreformhasbeenstressedduringthisyear’stwosessions."Pereirasaid.Asforallowingthecompanieswithtoomuchdebt,especiallyinover-capacityindustries,toquitthemarket,Pereirasaidfirmdeterminationfromauthoritiesiscrucial."Continuedprogressisimportant,toallowtheseprocesstohappen,atleastgradually,otherwisetheymightoccupyvaluableresourcesthatshouldbeusedbetterinotherplaces,"Saidthedirector.Hesuggestsacceleratingthebankruptcyprocessofzombiefirmstoreduceuncertaintyandcompensatelaid-offworkersunderrelevantlaws.Pereiraalsosaidotherbarrierstoclosingdownalsoneedtoberemovedsuchassubsidies,environmentalclean-upcostsandsocialliabilities,particularlyinsectorsaffectedbyexcesscapacity."Theremovalofsubsidiescouldpartlyfinanceclean-upcostsandsocialliabilities.”Headded.There’saqualitativechartwithinthereporttodescribeseveralindicatorsassessing64countriesoriginallyincludedintheBeltandRoadInitiative(whichhasbeenbroadentoover100countriesnow),likeoutwardinvestmentandlogisticsperformanceofinfrastructure,whichmeasuresthelogisticsprofessionals'perceptionofacountry'squalityoftradeandtransport-relatedinfrastructure.ThischartillustratesconcretepicturesaroundthetradeinfrastructuresituationofcountriesinvolvedinBeltandRoad.WhenaskedhowthisinitiativewouldbenefitEurope'seconomicrecovery,Pereiraresponded:"Wethinkthisinitiativehassomuchimportanceforseveralreasons,oneofthemisthatthisinitiativewouldmakestronglinkswithmanycountries.BeltandRoadiscrucialanddefinitelywouldbringmorecomprehensiveinfrastructurelinkages,createmorejobsandhelpmanyEuropeaneconomiesbetterdevelop."AseriousproblempointedoutinthereportisthatChina’staxandtransfersystemhasnotbeenfunctioningaswellasotherleadingeconomiesonreducingincomeinequality.Forexample,manylow-incomehouseholdspayahighershareofincomeinsocialsecuritypaymentsthanricherones.AndworkerswhoareoutsidetheformallabormarketarenotrequiredtoparticipateinthepensionandmedicalinsuranceschemesinChina,potentiallyincreasingtheirfinancialvulnerabilitytofutureshocks.Thereportrecommendedthatthereformshouldbasethecalculationofsocialsecuritycontributionsoflow-incomeworkersonactualincomeearned,insteadofthecurrentsystemthatmakesaminimumcontributionbasedonthepreviousyear'slocalaveragewage.Itarguesthischangecouldbepartlyfinancedbyreformstopersonalincometaxsuchasremovingexemptionsthatfavorhigh-incomeindividuals.Forexample,interestreceiptsfromgovernmentbondsorfromsavingsinadepositaccountwithaChinesebankarecurrentlyexcludedfromtaxableincome.  我喜欢我吃到的这些煎饼,但我觉得我可能只是把这些美国化的煎饼视为三明治的变身。

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