李克强:可持续发展首先是要发展 坚定不移全面深化改革

中国日报网

2018-2-20

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AchartillustratesthatChina'senterprisedebtisrising.[Photoprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn]Over-leveragingandover-capacityaretwomajorchallengesforChina’seconomyinthe"newnormal"withslowerbutsustainablegrowthrates,anewbiennialreportfromtheOrganizationforEconomicCo-operationandDevelopment(OECD)pointedout.Thereportcalled"EconomicSurveysChina"publisheseverytwoyearsinordertogiveassessmentandsuggestionstowardsChineseeconomy,theanalyzeandoutputofthissurveyhasbeendiscussedandreviewedbyEconomicandDevelopmentReviewCommittee,withparticipationofrepresentativesfromChinesegovernment."TheChineseeconomygrowthremainshighbyinternationalstandards,andisgraduallymoderatingasthepopulationagesandtheeconomyre-balancesfrominvestmenttoconsumption,fromexternaltointernaldemandandfrommanufacturingtoservices,"OECDdirectorofcountrystudiesAlvaroPereiratoldChinaDailywebsite.PereirastressedtheState-ownedenterprisesreformwouldbeavitalmoveamonggovernment’sagendaofde-leveraging.AccordingtoNationalBureauofStatistics’data,debtowedbynon-financialfirmsinChinareached170percentofGDPin2016-thehighestlevelamongleadingeconomies.SOE’sdebtmakesupover70percentoftotalcorporatedebt."OnethingIlikeaboutChinaisthatgovernmentalwayspaysattentiontothesignals,includingpotentialrisksandproblems,andisalwayscareful,intermsofdesigningthestructuralreforms.Signsoffinancialriskshasbeennoticedbycentralgovernment,andmeasurestotacklewithSOEreformhasbeenstressedduringthisyear’stwosessions."Pereirasaid.Asforallowingthecompanieswithtoomuchdebt,especiallyinover-capacityindustries,toquitthemarket,Pereirasaidfirmdeterminationfromauthoritiesiscrucial."Continuedprogressisimportant,toallowtheseprocesstohappen,atleastgradually,otherwisetheymightoccupyvaluableresourcesthatshouldbeusedbetterinotherplaces,"Saidthedirector.Hesuggestsacceleratingthebankruptcyprocessofzombiefirmstoreduceuncertaintyandcompensatelaid-offworkersunderrelevantlaws.Pereiraalsosaidotherbarrierstoclosingdownalsoneedtoberemovedsuchassubsidies,environmentalclean-upcostsandsocialliabilities,particularlyinsectorsaffectedbyexcesscapacity."Theremovalofsubsidiescouldpartlyfinanceclean-upcostsandsocialliabilities.”Headded.There’saqualitativechartwithinthereporttodescribeseveralindicatorsassessing64countriesoriginallyincludedintheBeltandRoadInitiative(whichhasbeenbroadentoover100countriesnow),likeoutwardinvestmentandlogisticsperformanceofinfrastructure,whichmeasuresthelogisticsprofessionals'perceptionofacountry'squalityoftradeandtransport-relatedinfrastructure.ThischartillustratesconcretepicturesaroundthetradeinfrastructuresituationofcountriesinvolvedinBeltandRoad.WhenaskedhowthisinitiativewouldbenefitEurope'seconomicrecovery,Pereiraresponded:"Wethinkthisinitiativehassomuchimportanceforseveralreasons,oneofthemisthatthisinitiativewouldmakestronglinkswithmanycountries.BeltandRoadiscrucialanddefinitelywouldbringmorecomprehensiveinfrastructurelinkages,createmorejobsandhelpmanyEuropeaneconomiesbetterdevelop."AseriousproblempointedoutinthereportisthatChina’staxandtransfersystemhasnotbeenfunctioningaswellasotherleadingeconomiesonreducingincomeinequality.Forexample,manylow-incomehouseholdspayahighershareofincomeinsocialsecuritypaymentsthanricherones.AndworkerswhoareoutsidetheformallabormarketarenotrequiredtoparticipateinthepensionandmedicalinsuranceschemesinChina,potentiallyincreasingtheirfinancialvulnerabilitytofutureshocks.Thereportrecommendedthatthereformshouldbasethecalculationofsocialsecuritycontributionsoflow-incomeworkersonactualincomeearned,insteadofthecurrentsystemthatmakesaminimumcontributionbasedonthepreviousyear'slocalaveragewage.Itarguesthischangecouldbepartlyfinancedbyreformstopersonalincometaxsuchasremovingexemptionsthatfavorhigh-incomeindividuals.Forexample,interestreceiptsfromgovernmentbondsorfromsavingsinadepositaccountwithaChinesebankarecurrentlyexcludedfromtaxableincome.开办“草业大讲堂”、草原防火、草原监测、项目管理等系列培训,强化业务,提高素质。五是加大政策宣传和技术培训力度,推进草牧业生产良种良法配套,全力探索北方农牧交错带现代农牧业发展模式。(本文转载于新华社,如转载请注明出处)(编辑:fr)

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其中李静、徐云丽、杨方旭、朱婷、张晓雅、杨珺菁暂不参加集训,集训报到时间另行通知。29日晚,死者刘少尧的尸检结果公布:涉案警察所用武器为SigSauer9mm手枪;死者为心脏左心室中枪,子弹射入心脏约2毫米。

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